Month: August 2013

Photography And Its Importance

A daily newspaper in Brisbane needs an experienced newspaper photographer? or A Schools photography company based in Colchester, Essex, is seeking experienced photographer.

Looks familiar? These are of course the run of the mill ads that come in the media for the job of a photographer. Going along with the trends of the time, the creative horizons of photography is thoroughly explored and gains momentum day by day. This makes a photographer a much sought after commodity in the market. For the soaring creativeness of a photographer, sky turn out to be the frame to absorb the beauty of the world.

How to be a professional photographer?

What actually is Photography? Well, a simple definition can be freezing frames on film or capturing a precious and cherishable slice of life and putting it away for the generations to come.

Being a very resourceful and imaginative medium of expressing ones self, the art of photography has a history of over 150 years. In the past, taking photographs were the only solution to preserve the present moments for the next generation. Even now when science and technology has acquired larger dimensions, photography still reigns the unrivalled master in this realm.

Want to be a part of this highly inventive field? The unwritten rules are: You need a keen eye for aesthetic details of what is “photo-worthy”; an exhaustive awareness of different cameras and the techniques involved in taking pictures, of light, distance and perspective; a quick to respond and reflective nature; last but not the least; the nerve to take it up as a profession.

Right way to photography institutes

Photography as profession is no child’s play and unfortunately many talented photographers still remain amateurs unable to overcome the hurdles on the way. The ascend is tough and tiring, and the financial returns are quite unsatisfactory for the beginners. Only those with determination and a never-say-die attitude, coupled with a real love of the medium can cling on.

For this, the career-minded photographers, students, artists and people who has an inclination to it should learn photography systematically with theory and practical sessions from a person who has mastered the art. Several institutes offer courses to meet the needs of those who intend to take photography as a part time/full time profession, as a passion or as a pastime.

Photography is such a flexible and versatile art which has branched out to specialized areas like press, sports, nature, wild life, bird photography etc. So if you are keen on any of these fields, you will be benefited as these courses lay basic foundation for all these branches of photography. Most of the courses are carefully woven with theory and practical sessions to give in-depth practical knowledge of the subject.

These courses will train your eyes and help you tame the camera.

The Academy of Art University, San Francisco, CA
Icon Photography School, Vancouver, BC
Brooks Institute of Photography, Santa Barbara, CA
Harrington College of Design, Chicago
McIntosh College of Dover, New Hampshire
American InterContinental University Study, London
Photographic Society of India, Mumbai
Verve Visuals, Bangalore, India
India International Photographic Council, New Delhi, India

A look at restricted areas of photography

The police in Hull, UK, seized this guy’s film because he was taking photos of ‘sensitive material’ in a city center. A spokeswoman for the force told Amateur Photographer: ‘Camera film was seized by Humberside Police following a complaint from members of the public about photos being taken in the area of Prospect Centre, Hull.
(Taken from Boingboing: A directory of wonderful things)

You may think that how can we expect privacy in a public place! Or is not a photographer licensed to capture anything that he finds interesting?

But it is a very sensitive issue. This is a very unpredictable world. If there are no framed rules in this area, we might be unknowingly giving liberty to the untamed terrorist or illegal activities to mushroom around us. So photography is strictly banned in certain places of political or strategic importance, legendary monuments, interiors of some worship places, or even taking photographs of individuals without their permission.

The influence of photography in film industry

Photographers in television, video, and motion picture capture images that often tell a story, inform or entertain an audience, or record an event. Film and video editors edit soundtracks, film, and video for the motion picture, cable, and broadcast television industries. Some photographers do their own editing.

Photographers use professional television, video, or motion picture cameras to shoot a wide variety of material, including television series, studio programs, music videos, motion pictures, news and sporting events, documentaries, and training sessions. The resultant product is a collage made from many different shots by film and video editors. With the increase in digital technology, much of the editing work is now done on a computer. Many professional photographers and editors are employed by independent television stations; local affiliate stations of television networks; large cable and television networks; or smaller, independent film production companies.

Creation of commercial-quality movies and video programs requires technical expertise and creativity. Producing successful images requires a skill in the choice and presentation things in an interesting way, selection of appropriate equipment, an aesthetic eye and a steady hand to ensure smooth, natural movement of the camera.

Photographers/cinematographers employed in the entertainment field use motion picture cameras to film movies, television programs, and commercials. Some specialize in filming cartoons or special effects. Cinematographers are an essential part of the action, using cameras in any of several different mounts. For example, the camera can be stationary and shoot whatever passes in front of the lens, or it can be mounted on a track, with the camera operator responsible for shooting the scene from different angles or directions.

The great value of photography in magazines

The story is unfolded through their pictures. The work requires journalistic ability combined with technical skill. There are a great variety of subjects and locations and the timings may be irregular. They cover various subjects such as the life of prison inmates or drought conditions in a stare or schools at work in different places and so on.

A brief history of media

Prior to exploring the specifics of the print and digital media revolutions, we will have a look at media in general:

How do we define media? On the other hand, how do media define us? Is media a catalyst of cultural change? How do print and digital media differ?

Progressions in media technology are now becoming the calibration marks for history’s major paradigmatic shifts. At present, “Mediology, is an accepted and ever-expanding field of study.

Digital Camera Capabilities

There was a time not very long ago, say just 10 years ago, when we would buy and develop a roll of film if we wanted to take pictures. There were limited number of pictures that you could take and if you wanted to take many pictures you had to carry as many rolls and batteries.

Many rolls or frames would be wasted if the pictures were not of your liking; but you could do nothing about it. The money was wasted and you had to bear it. If you were a little careless then the entire roll could be exposed and thus go waste and you would be left with nothing. In the world of snap shooting, after Polaroid cameras, Digital cameras have brought about a revolution. They have completely revolutionized the way people take pictures.

Digital cameras can be called a computer accessory too because you can download the pictures in the computer and take out the print outs. You may email to any one that you wish to.

Deciding upon a digital camera isn`t easy. You need to research well. You should know what you need, what you are going to use for and what is available in the market. If you want to take pictures like a professional photographer you must know all that you can about tripods, external flash, lenses and filters.

Apart from taking still photographs, digital cameras also take video photography and capture sounds. Thus there are various categories of digital cameras like modular digital cameras for professionals and also video cameras. There are digital cameras too which are multi functional.

There is a large variety of digital cameras in the market and each one of them is different from the other. The prices vary according to the features inbuilt; hence if you are bound by a budget then it is not very difficult to select one. But if budget is not an issue then you need to select more carefully.

If you buy one with advanced features then it will be a waste of money and the same if you buy one which hasn`t got all the features that you are looking for. In any case, resolution is something that you must look out for. It must be what you need otherwise it will lead to wastage of storage space and processing power and of course money. In the beginning it was just 1 mega pixel but now it is above 10 mega pixels. This makes the picture quality superb!

If you intend to post pictures on the web or your computer or send them by e mails, a lower pixel resolution will work just well. You also don`t really need a huge capacity memory card. Even one with a small memory can perform all the functions.

There is software called Photoshop or Corel paint which allows you to make countless changes in the photos that you have taken. You may change or modify the background, and make many more relevant changes.

Digital cameras may use A size batteries or may have their own batteries which may be rechargeable. You may connect the camera to your computer via Bluetooth or Fire Wire Port. USB is another method of connecting it to the computer.

Thus there are quite a few benefits of using a digital camera and the world is fast turning towards it. The days of developing a roll are now history. The immediate gratification that you get on seeing the freshly taken pictures and the benefit of editing out the short comings make digital cameras a choice of the new generation.

Photography and Where to Start

So you have decided to have a go at photography? Good for you!

Photography is a wonderful way to spend time, whether it is making money or as a hobby. The problem a lot of poor souls have when they start is the bombardment of information about different cameras, memory cards, lighting equipment, the list goes on! In truth, there is no right or wrong brand. There is a bit of good and bad but at the end of the day I know many different photographers who swear by different brands and they are all taking amazing images and making quite a bit of money. I also have my preferred brand of choice when it comes to cameras but this will be up to you to decide once you gain a bit of experience and feel what direction you want to go in.

Maybe a good place to start is deciding how serious you are about your new found love. Try lend a camera from a friend first and give it a test drive or go to a camera hire shop. If after that you see a long future rolling in the hills with your new camera, then its time to get your own! Take a look at DSLR cameras that can range from a couple hundred bucks to thousands. DSLR stand for Digital Single Lens Reflex, and is your best option moving forward as you can change lenses to suit your style of shooting, for example, if you are into wildlife photography, you may want a nice long lens so you can stalk the animal from far. If you are shooting portraiture you may want a nice prime lens and get that crisp sharpness. Diving into lenses is a whole new debate and would need a longer article so lets get back to it shall we.

You have now bought your camera and staring at it like its going to tell you what to do next are you? To keep it simple let’s break it down into 4 simple areas that are the basics to taking great photos: Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO and Composition. If you have the hang of these 4 you are well on your way to getting it right.

Aperture: The aperture is the opening in the lens that lets light through onto your camera sensor or film. It is made up of a series of blades and is measured in F-Stops. The smaller the F-Stop number, the wider the opening that is letting in light. Now this may seem confusing and the wrong way round but you will get used to it. The F number can be as low as F1.4 and go up to f22 on most lenses.

Task:Take your camera and if you have one with manual controls set it to Aperture Priority mode. It should be a setting with AV (aperture value) or just read your manual. Take a series of pictures, changing the aperture from its lowest setting to its highest to see what happens. Did you notice something specific happening to your images? If you did not, take a picture of something a few feet away with the lowest aperture and again with the highest aperture. Still nothing? Well take a look at the background. You will see when you shoot with a wider aperture such as F4, your background will be blurred, but when you shoot the same photo at F22 most of the image including background is in focus. Oh, so thats how they do that!

Shutter Speed: The camera shutter is, well basically a shutter that opens and closes letting the light you passing through the lens only hit the sensor for the amount of time you want it to. While you were shooting in aperture priority you may well have noticed that the shutter speed changes proportionately to how you change the aperture. The reason for this is because when you change your aperture, you are changing the amount of light travelling through the lens and onto the camera sensor. If you have a wide open aperture there will be a lot more light travelling through so you will use a shorter shutter speed. The smaller the aperture opening like F22, the longer you can leave the shutter open to let in that light.

Task: Set your camera to Shutter Speed Priority (check your manual how to) and take a few photos at different settings. Notice how it changes the aperture to allow more or less light. Now find yourself a moving subject. Someone running or your dog. Take photos at different shutter values and see how it effects your image. The slower the shutter speed, the more blur you will have in your image. The faster your shutter, the less time for light to hit the sensor, the less blur you will have. Now you may think why not just always have a fast shutter right? Wrong. It depends on the type of image you want to shoot. If you want to shoot at night like star trails you will need a long shutter speed to let in the little bit of light long enough to get a good exposure. Or maybe you want to take one of those silky water looking photos? Again you will need a longer shutter speed to allow the water to blur enough to create that effect. Ah!

ISO: ISO is the third part of the three major elements you should learn besides composition in order to get good photos. ISO is the electrical charge that effects the sensor creating the effect like in old film you had different sensitivity ratings. The higher the ISO (old fim ASA) the more sensitive and the lighter the image. The drawback to using the ISO to lighten up an image is your image gets noisier, the higher the ISO. I personally try keep my ISO at 100 unless I just do not have enough light.

Task: Take a few photos of the same subject changing your ISO each time and see what happens. If you expose manually using aperture and shutter at say 100 ISO and then bump the ISO up to 3200, your picture will probably be blown out and too light or extremely noisy. Play around with it and see how it all changes.

Learn these three techniques above and your are well on your way to taking great photos. This gives you the freedom to concentrate on being creative and leaving the technical details as second nature.

Alright you can now take well exposed images but they seem to lack that something special. That photo of your dog in the center of the screen just doesn’t look like the one from the mag you paged through in the shop! Its time to look into composition and the rule of thirds.

The rule of thirds was created thousands of years ago by the Greeks I think it was and was a technical way of creating the perfect image. Look up the rule of thirds and you will see what you have been missing but the basic idea is to split your image into thirds horizontally and vertically and using the joining points to place your subject of interest such as a persons eye or the horizon. The rule of thirds is not a must and can be broken for creative purpose but it is a good general rule to learn before you break it.

There are various other tips you can follow when it comes to composition such as foreground interest. If you are shooting landscape images, it greatly helps an image if you have something in the foreground to lead your eye into the image. Do a search for ocean sunrise images in your favourite search engine and see what comes up. What you will notice with a lot of the ones you will find yourself drawn to is foreground interest such as rocks or a piece of driftwood that leads your eye into the image so you can enjoy.

Conclusion: I am not going to go into lighting, memory cards, lenses, brands, the list goes on and each deserves its own article. If this article is enjoyed and well received I will write articles for each process as well as different types of photography. For now, take out your camera, stop reading and go shoot! That is the best way to gain experience and find what style of photography suits you. Try as much as you can and don’t be afraid to ask people. The internet is a big place and there are wonderful people out there willing to help.

Photography Studying The Fundamentals With Your Digital Camera And Pictures

All of us in America is bound to have a photograph or artwork of some kind in their household. Pictures that had been altered with the help of digital imaging software are all all around us. From the pics in your Time or Cosmopolitan journal to the local community newsletters to the flyers that your local Chinese and pizza restaurants hang on your doorway knob, all of those images have been made with digital application. Have you ever needed to create the photographs you see in these magazines and brochures? Do you have an interest in photography?

Initially thing’s very first. You require a digital digital camera. You could use a conventional camera that uses movie, but then you will also need a scanner to scan the pictures onto your tough generate, and that will tremendously alter the excellent of the picture, until you are heading for a far more grainy, genuine look to your images. Now go out and come across some exciting items to take pictures of.of.

Soon after you have taken as a lot of pictures as you wished, then it’s time to upload them onto your computer system. There are numerous digital imaging software package accessible currently, but the far more well-known ones you have almost certainly heard of are Adobe Photoshop, Picasa, Corel Paint Shop, and Painter. There are other applications as properly for all those who are much more superior in digital imaging.

Possibly the most basic and a single of the most common instruments discovered in digital imaging software is the crop element. Crop enables you to adjust how the photograph is framed. You want the particular person who will be seeking at your photograph to see the position in it. If there is as well considerably stuff going on all around your key subject, then your viewer’s eyes will stray on concentrate on the other things and not so considerably on the picture’s focal point.

Like pointed out previously mentioned, one particular of the far more common software programs is Adobe Photoshop. It is employed for basic photograph imaging and for major production jobs as well. What you see in films that have been enhanced with digital attributes could incredibly well be the perform of Photoshop. What if the folks in your photos all have red eyes? No problem. Photoshop, along with other photograph editing software package, is your solution to that. In addition, Photoshop has a filter gallery, which permits you to apply diverse textures to your images to generate a total new seem.

To understand a lot more innovative features on digital artwork computer software, you could need to have to get courses at your local local community college or “teach” yourself at property with the several tutorials that are readily available on the net. With time, apply, and plenty of experimentation, you will be well on your way to producing people pictures that inspire and awe.

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